Chief city of the province of Lycia, near the mouth of the Xanthus River; besieged in 42 B.C.E. by Marcus Brutus, who wished to exact from the Lycians tribute for his war with Antony and Octavian (Augustus). The proud Lycians refused him, killed themselves and burned down the city. Marc Antony subsequently exempted the impoverished Lycians from taxation and invited them to rebuild Xanthus. They apparently refused.

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